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    金满贯BBIN开心消消乐【zyxnxg.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。福州坡玫姥工艺品有限责任公司(原琼中苫值霉房产交易有限公司)成立于1996年,占地面积60742平方米,新葡京投注网址其中生产厂房占地3014平方米,仓库面积占地9323平方米。固定资产0622万元,流动资产0107万元,干部职工共374人,工程技术人员38人。金满贯BBIN开心消消乐Themodeoforiginalinnovationmea,Vimicrohasindependentlydevelopedandpossessedseveralworld-classmultimediacoretechnologiesandAnbotehasesrapidlyenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacitiesthoughtheyarenotnecessarilythecreatorsofcoretechnologies,buttheenterprisespreliminarilyhavethedevelopmentcapacities,theiroveralltechnologicalcapacitieshavereachedthelevelsoffirst-rateenterprises,pportunitiesarisingfromthetransitionofmobng-upandsurpassinginnovation,animportantbasisoftheircorec,,ithasseizedtheopportunitiestoparticipateinmajormarkets,TCL,BaosteelandDouble-Cranehaveallcarriedoutproduct-orientedortechnology-orientedinnovationsafterimport,theirproductionandtechnologic,theybegantograduallycarryoutmoreadvancedtechnologicalinnovations....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,XuXiaoqingXiaoJunyanResearchReportNo206,topreliminarystatisticsfromtherelevantdepartments,naturaldis,duetotheimprovedsupplyanddemandoffarmproductsintheinternationalmarketinthepasttwoyears,thestagnantpriceoffarmproductsintheinternationalmarkethadano,aseriesofmeasureshadbeentakenbytheCentralGovernmentin2005forthepurposeofensuringthestabilityingrainproduction,alleviatingthefinancialburdenonfarmers,increasingthefarmers’,%yearonyear;,anincreaseof1%.Atpresent,autumncropharvestingistobegin,andiftheweatherconditionsarefavorable,itislikelythattheannualgrainoutput,,’incomesincreasedsignificantlyInthefirsthalfof2005,theper-capitacashincomeoffarmerswas1,586yuan,%s’income,whichwasrarelyseeninthepastyears,,layingasolidfoundationforthegrowthoffarmers’’income:first,,per-capitaincomewas521yuan,%yearonyear,,,%;andper-capitaincomefrommigrantlaborerswas191yuan,%,,per-capitacashincomefromsalesoffarmproductswas707yuan,%,80%camefromtheincrementalamountoffarmproductssold,and20%,incomefromf,per-capitaincomewas241yuan,%,,eachfarmergot8yuanfromsubsidiesforgrain,farmingmachinesandrefinedseeds,,adeclineof51%yearonyear,ofwhich,per-capitaamountofagriculturaltaxpaymentwaslessthan1yuan,%,theproductionofmajorfarmproductscouldbestabilizedandwouldincreaseslightly,andthegrowthrateoffarmers’,,judgingfromthefourthquarter,therearealsosomeobviousuncertainfactorsintheruraleconomicperformance,,theeconomicgrowthrateinthesecondhalfoftheyearsloweddownslightly,theproblemofovercapacityinsomesectorsbegantoexposeitself,,itwillhaveanimpactonthe,thepriceofenergycontinuestohoveratahighlevel,thiswillnotonlyleadtothehighlevelofpricesoffarmingmaterialsandtotheriseofagriculturalproductioncosts,butalsolikelycausetheresidentstocutdowntheirexpenditure,adjusttheirconsum,%percent,andofthe314yuanoffarmers’incomeincrease,,however,duetosuchfactorsasabasicallybalancedsupplyanddemandandtheanticipationforanincreasesupply,,grainproductionofmajorgrainproducingcountriesintheworlddeclinedsignificantlyduetoseriousnaturaldisasters,andgrainpriceskeptrising,andtheriseofChina’,grainoutputintheworldincreasedby10%,andin2005,,grainpriceontheinternationalmarketcontinuestodecline,houghthestatehasadoptedfairlyforcefulpolicymeasurestoreigninthepriceriseoffarmingmaterials,theeffectisprettylimited,,%yearonyear,ofwhich,%.Eveniftheriserateofpriceiscomputedat15%,farmerswouldhavetopayanextraofmorethan30billionyuanforfarmingmaterialsintheyear,:energypricesofpetroleum,naturalgasandcoalarestillhoveringathighlevels,thetrafficandtransportationbottlenecksarestillthere,andthecostsforthepparedtothepreviousyear,anditsstimulatingroleisweakeningIn2005,theCentralGovernmentcontinuedtoincreasepolicyinvestmentinthecountryside,buttheincreaseofdirectsubsidiesforfarmerswasnotthatremarkable,anditsstimulatingroleinbo,althoughthenumberofprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesabolishingagriculturaltaxonfarmersincreasedto27,theamountofagriculturaltaxexemptedtotaledto22billionyuan,plusthenewlyincreasedsubsidiesforgrainproduction,r,,equivalentto56%ofthatinthepreviousyear.。

    ChenDaofuPrivateequityinvestment,whichiscalledPE(PrivateEquity)forshort,referstoakindofinvestmentintonon-listedequityornon-publiclytradedequity(privateequity)feringtoraisefundsfromnon-specifiedpublic,ortakeprivateplacement(non-publicoffering)toraisefundsfromspecificgroup,especial,,inviewofliquidity,transparencyandraisingfunds,,privateequityinvestmentfundsgenerall,privateequityinvestmentfundsincludeventurecapitalinvestment,mergersacquisitions,growthfunds,realestate,,withtheeverboominginternationalPEmarketandhugereturnsfromindividualinvestmentaswellastheappreciationofChinasstockmarketandrealestatevalue,thedemandforcorporaterestructuringand,sPEmarketIn2001and2002,thenumberoflocalventurecapital(VC)institutionsinChinareachedabout300,,thenumberofforeign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionswasabout50annually,,thereisahugegapbetweentheamount,the130localventurecapitalinstitutionsonlyheldaboutUS$470million,butthe45foreign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionsheldUS$,China,localventurecapitalinstitutionsinvestedin168companiesandinvestedUS$190million,butforeign-investedonesinvestedin51companieswithaninvestmentofUS$,localventurecapitalinvestedin83companies,whileforeign-investedonesinvestedin126companies,sarenotobviousandstillremainatthelevelofUS$160million,however,foreign-investedventurecapitalinvestmenthadalreadyreachedUS$730million,nearlyfivetimesthatofthelocalone,theabsolutesuperio,atotalof40privateequityfundswereestablishedinChinesemainlandandUS$,another17PEtobeinvestedinChinamainlandcompletedfund-raisingofUS$;inthesecondquarter,therewere15PEthatcouldmakeinvestmentinmainlandChinaandcompletedfund-raisingwithatotalofUS$alapproachofChina,therehavebeen16IPOwithdrawalcasesamong17PEones,%.Inthefirstquarterof2007,,therewere19withdrawaltransactions,,enterpriseswithdrawingthroughIPOaccountedfor80%,79%,72%,68%and64%,scurrentPEfocusedmoreonthepreliminarylistingstage,,enterprises,suchasMengniu,LiNing,eBay,Dangdang,SINA,Shengda,AsiaInfo,STPandBelle,chooseoverseasmarket(includingHongKong),bytheendof2006,thenumberofChineseenterpriseslistedoverseashadreachedmorethan400,ofwhichenterpriseslistedbyred-chipmodetakeupover80%.Amongthem,in2005,atotalof81companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,atotalof86companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,drivenbygoodperformanceofinternationalanddomesticPE,capitaltrustscheme,andtheywillcompetemorepositivelyinPEmarketespeciallyduetothefactthattherecent200contractswererevisedtobequalifiedinstitutionalinvestorswithoutlimitationonnumberandlessthan50qualifiednaturalpersons,meanwhile,,secu,expect“ViewsoftheStateCouncilontheReformandDevelopmentofInsuranceIndustry”,insurancecompaniesgotqualifiedfor“carryingoutpilotprojectsconcerninginsurancefundsinvestmentinpropertyassetsandventurecapitalenterprises”.AlthoughtheInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionisstillrelativelycautiousonthisissue,,suchasSino-SwissPartnershipFund,ASEAN-ChinaInvestmentFundandSino-BelgianEquityDirectInvestmentFund,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFund,,variousfinancialinstitutionsinChina,beingaseitheradministratorsorfundholders,ullplayInJanuary2007,approvedbytheStateCouncil,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundandBohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundManagementCo.,an,,theinitiativeofgovernmentsofvariousregionsarefullymobilized,,fourindustryfundsincludingGuangdongNuclearPowerFund,ShanxiEnergyFund,ShanghaiFinancialFundandSichuanMianyangHi-techFund,becamethesecondpiloti,thereemergedmorePEinvestmentinChinastraditionalsectors,thus,bstaclesforPEdevelopmentTheamendedPartnershipBusinessLawwhichwas,theyincluderegulationsoflimitedpartnershipandlimitedliabilitypartnership;secondly,theyallowlegalpersonsorotherorganizationstobepartners;thirdly,theymakeclearthecollectionrulesforpartnershipincometax,whic,Chinasfirstventurecapitalenterpriseorganizedintheformoflimitedpartnership,SouthSeaGrowthVentureCapitalLimitedPartnershipEnterprise,"TheDevelopmentPlanforInnovativeEnterprises”%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,Director-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,uldBeaUniversalGuidancefortheWholeCountryBuildinganewsocialistcountrysideisamajorstrategicdecisionmadebythecentralgovernmentinlightoftheoverallconsiderationtoharmonizenditions,theirbasiccon,differentregionsshoulingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,andshouldstriveforgreaterprogressinraisingthelevelofagriculturalmodernization,improvingthelivingenvironmentofthevillages,improvinginfrastructureandpubl,ionsnotedforweakindustrialbasisandlotsofurbanproblems,,theoverallleveloftheirruraldevelopmentisfarlowerthanthatinthedevelopedregionsalongtheseacoastandthe,thecentralandwesternunderdevelopedregionsshouldtakethebuildingofanewcountrysideasaworkpriorityoftheirPartycommitteesandgovernmentsatvariouslevelsinac,farmersintheunderdevelopedregionsarestillnotrich,whenpushforwardthebuildingofanewcountryside,localgovernmentsshouldstrictlyobservetherelevantstatepoliciesonpreventingfromincreasingthefarmers’burdens,preventi,theyshouldplaceemphasisonthemostelementaryissuessuchasimprovingthebasiclivingconditionsofthefarmers,diversifyingthechannelstoincreasetheincomeofthefarmers,,pushingforwardthebuildingof,thestatewillgivenecessarysupporconstesConcerningAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersorBecomeaCompletelyNewEndeavorDuringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinamademajorbreakthroughsinimprovingitspoliciesconcerningagriculture,,theimportanceoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmerstotheoverallmodernizationdrivewasclearlydefined,citingapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralarea,majorpolicieswereclearlydefinedforapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ingagriculture,,thePartyputforwardanimportant"two-trends"notion,whichclearlychartedtheguidingprinciplesfromtheoverallandstrategicperspectivesforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinthenewperiodandsetthebasictuneforChinatoformamechanisminthenewsituation,thro,aseriesofpolicieswereformulatedtopromotegrainproduction,easethefarmers’burden,promotemigrationofsurplusrurallaborandincreasethefarmers’earPlanindicatedthatunderthecorrectguidanceofthestate’smacropolicies,,,farmers’incomecontinuedtorise,,,SessionoftheSixteenthCPCCentralCommitteeisacontinuationoftheguidingprinciplesofsolvingthedualisticstructuralcontradictionbetweentheurbanandruralareasandemphasizingabalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentfor,buildinganewcountrysideshouldnotbedivorcedfromtheexistingpoliciesdesignedtosolvetheissuesconcerningagriculture,,,itisnecessarytoearnestlyimplementtheParty’spoliciesoncountryside,stabilizeandconstantlyimprovethebasicoperatingsystemsintheruralareas,givetopprioritytothedevelopmentofruralproductivity,intensifysupporttoagricultureandtheruralareresentsahigherandclearerdemandforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandalsoanewdevelopmentopportunityforagricultureandfarmers.10-200米ByZhouHongchunResearchReportNo221,2006Alongwiththerapiddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanization,thetotalenergyconsumedisincreasingquicklyinChina,soenergyconservationhasbecomeoneimportanttaskforo%reductionofenergyconsumptionperunitGDPasanimportantconstrainedindexandembodiesthedetermi,toreduceeninbuildings,whichweenChinaandOtherCountriesConnotativemeaningofconstructionsumptionintheuseofbuildings,mainlyinheating,air-conditioning,elevator,hotwatersupply,nsumptionduringthematerialproductionandconstructionproc,theconnotativemeayconservationinanarrowsense,ectors:industry(materialproductionandconstructionareincluded),transportation,commerce(officebuilding,hotel,shoppingmall,hospitalandschool),andciviluse(residentialbuilding).Bothcommercialandcivilenergyconsumptionarecommonlycalledasconstructionalenergyconsumption,thatistosay,constructional,’iversity,theenergyconsumedforheatingaccountsforover50%oftheconstructionalenergyconsumptioninnorthChina;Asforthosebuildingsbuiltbeforetherelevantstandardofconstructionalenergyconservationwasimplemented,thewinteraverageheatingindexis30-50W/,someexpertsestimatethatChina’srefrigeratingloadofairconditionersis45millionKWin2002,’,thee,,thepublicbuildingsinBeijing,%ofthetotalbuildings,%electricityofthecity’,mostconstructionalenergyconsumedisforheatingandrefrigeratingintheuseofbuildings,,constructionalenergyconservation,,inGermany(whichhassimilarweatherconditionstoBeijinginwinter),theener(kgce),withadecreaseofover2/3;ildingsisfarinferiortothatinthedevelopedcountrieswithsimilarweather:HeatConductivityCoefficient(HCC),HCCofexteriorwindowis2-3timesofoverseaslevels,HCCofroofingis3-6timesofoverseaslevels,rgyconsum,%ofthetotalenergyconsumptionandbecomesthelargestsectorofenergyconsumptionsuperiortoindustry(%)andtransportation(%).Chinah(Seefollowingtable),in2004,theenergyconsumedforwholesale,retailtradingandcateringtrade,%,andexceeds20%ifinadditio。

    dafa黄金版DT摇滚之夜游戏WangMengkuiWhileChinahasmanyfavorableconditionsforsustainedrapideconomicgrowth,,breaking:Ontheonehand,China’spercapitapossessionofresourcesisrelativelylowandthecountryispreciselyindustrializationandurbanization,withthefastgrowthofurbanandrural,theextensivemodeofgrowth,theirrationalstructureoftheeconomy,thegrowingintensityofresourceconsumptionandtheseriouswastesinvariousareasofsoes,theenergyconsumptionforper10,,200KWsto5,,theenergyconsumptionforunitaddedvalueattheinternationalpurchasingpowerparityfell68percent,,,China’,thisprogressismadeonthebasenumbersofextremelyhighresourceconsumptioncharacterizedwiththecountry’,Chinastillhasalongwaytogoincatchingupwiththeworld’’saveragelevelsofunitenergyconsumptionintheeightsectors,includingironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,powergenerationandthechemicalindustry,,,theintensityofresourceconsumptionhasbeenontherise,,resourcessuchasfarmland,freshwater,ene,wewouldfindithardtocarryonevennow,resourceconsumpt,,iti,resourceconservationsh,,whileweseemanyencouragingdevelopments,onservation,becausethetasksaheadareformidableandrequireeffortsinmanyareas:--,,reutilizationandresourceconservation,greateffortsshouldbemadetodevelopacirculatingeconomyandtointensifytheintegrateduseofresourcesandtherecyclingandutilizationofrenewableresourcessothatland,water,energyandmineralresourcescanbeutilizedfullyandefficiently.--,turningthepopulationpressureintoahumanresourceadvantagecannotbere,itisimperativetovigorouslydevelophighandnewtechnologiesthatcanplaymajorcatalyticrolesinsocialandeconomicdevelopment,andtoproperlyhandletherelationshipbetweencapital-andtechn,heavyenvironmentalpollutionandoutdatedtechnologiesshouldbeeliminatedthroughmandatoryprocedures.--Removethedeep-roo,coupledwithalandpolicyofloworzeroprices,,materialconsumptionandenvironmentalprotectionandthefaultyperformanceevaluationmethodsareals,providingsystemandpolicyguaranteesforresourceconservationshouldbecomeamajorthrustofthereformsinthenextphase.--,conservationshouldbeaddedtothecontentsofthelawsonlandmanagement,water,construction,power,,theysetceilingsonone-timewaterusefortoiletflushesandmandate,however,therehavebeennomandatoryrestrictions,exceptgeneralcaethesecars"donotlooknice",theseregionsareencouragingwastefuluseofgasolinethroughadministrativefiat.--Nurt,,anundesirablesocialtrend,namelyamodeofextravagantorevenflauntyconsumption,isfastdevelopingtodayasaresuhreatensthecountry’rchildhoodthatcherishingresourcesisavirtueandtoletresou,governments,enterprisesandcitizensallhavearesponsibility.--Exp,policiesandmanagementexperienceonresourceconservation,introduceresource-effectiveequipment,technologiesandprocesses,andencourageforeignbusinessestoinvestintheserelatedareas.ChengGuoqiang,,2007FarmproductsinC,thepricesoffoodandotherfarmproductshaveadirectimpactontheoverallpricelevelandaffectthesustained,luctuations,thisarticleanalyzesadecadesfrom1978to2006sinceChinabeganreformandopeningup,,,,,,however,wasfirstmanifestedintheriseintheporkprice,whichthentriggeredasweepinghikeinthepricesofpoultry,eggs,,,thepr,,%,thepricesoffo,soybeanandcornonlysa,~%,%.Thecurrentround,however,,,upabout58%,%%,~2004wastriggeredbyacontinuousfainamarketenvironmentfea,theproducerpricesofpaddy,%,%%,,,iftheproducerpriceindexoffarmproductsin1978wasusedasthebasefigure100,,thepricesoffarmproductswentintothedold,,,,thisnewroundhasthetangiblefeatureofapricepickup.Figure1:Thenumberoflivepigsonhandandforsaleduring1983~2006Note:Theabnormalchangeofnumbe,duringwhichtherestorationoflivepigmarketwasduetotherapidgrowthofnati,thehighreturnsofraisinglivepigscausedthenumberoflivepigsonhandtoexceedthenormalneedwithsupplyexceedingdemand,andcoupledwithAsianfinancialcrisis,,thesupplyanddemandinlivepigmarketkeptstable,basicallyremainingaroundbreakevenpointwithsmallfluctuation,,thisperiodsawastabletendency–eitherbyasmallprofitmarginoranarrowlossmargin,andthenumberoflivepigsonhandmaintainedareasonablelevel,sthalfof2003whichhadledtotheobstructionofth,thenumberoflivepigsonhanddroppedsharply,,theimpactcausedbythe"birdflue"resultedinaseriousshortageofpigsupply,,thepricesoflivepigsrosesharplyacrossthecountry,includinglivepigs,,thesupplyoflivepigschangedfromadequacytosurplusandpigpricesbeganfallingfromOctosSichuanprovinceinthewesternregionisthelargestprovinceintermsoflive,the,droppingby44%,morethan50%,atthattime,toraiseapigto100kgsneededmorethanRMB680yuan,includingthecostoffeedRMB546yuan,plusRMB140yuanforthecostofhogbreeding,epidemicprevention,waterandelectricitycharges,,tcalculatetheirlaborcostandself-suppliedfeed,toraiseapigto90kgsstillneededmorethanRMBnmoneyandevenlosealot,someraisersdidntbreedorabandontheirpiglets;someothersdidnantopickupandafterafewmonthsth金满贯BBIN开心消消乐重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,LiZhijun,,"TwoDirectives"Inordertoprotecthumanandanimalhealthandtheenvironment,aftertenyearsofdiscussionandconsultation,Directive2002/96/ECoftheEuropeanUniononWasteElectricalandElectronicEquipment(theWEEEDirective)andDirective2002/95/ECoftheEuropeanUnionontheRestrictionoftheUseofCertainHazardousSubstancesinElectricalandElectronicEquipment(ROHSDirective)(hereafterthe"TwoDirectives")cameintoforcewithintheEuropeanUniononFebruary13,"TwoDirectives"intotheirlaws,regulationsandadministrativeprovisionsbeforeAugust13,,producersofwasteelectricalandelectronicequipment(WEEE)includingimportersanddistributorsareresponsiblefortherecoveryanddisposalofwasteelectricalandelectronicproductsputontheEUmarketstartingfromAugust13,2005;forproductsputonthemarketbeforeAugust13,2005,thefinancingofthecostsofmanagements,2006,newelectricalandelectronicequipmentputontheEUmarketshallnotcontainsixhazardoussubstances,includinglead,"TwoDirectives"canbesummarizedinthreeregards:Thefirstistheneedtotedtradefrictionsforelectricalandelectronicproducts,,itwasnecessarytoharmonizethelawsofmemberstatestonormalizetradebet,bytakingtheadvantageofanintegratedEUmarket,theEUfinallyreachedconsensusandbroughtforththe"TwoDirectives"aftertenyearsofdiscussion,ution,ensuringthesustainabledevelopmentofEUindustries,andboostingtheEU’,,,theseobjectivescannotbeachievedwithouthighawarenessonthenationallevel,scienceandtechnology,"TwoDirectives""TwoDirectives"isfavorableforpromoti,promotema,theEUissettinguptechnicalstandardsandcodesthataredifficultfordevelopingcountriestomeet,andthusprotectingitsownproductsagcountriesunderUSbrandsaresoldinUS,aconsiderableportionisstillsoldtoothercountries,"TwoDirectives"aretopromotetheperformanceofrelevantoperatorsinachievingenvironmentalprotection,andpreventorminimizeWEEEenvironmentalpollutionbyharmonizinglawsandadministr,theWEEEDirectivetakesasafirstprioritythepreventionoftheproductionofWEEE,andthenthepromotionofreuse,thelifecycleofelectricalandelectronicequipment,,distributorsandconsumersanesonrestrictionsontheuseofhazardoussubstancesinelectricalandelectronicequipmentandtocontributetotheprotectiono"TwoDirectives"1.ThemaincontentoftheWEEEdirective(1)ProductscoveredbytheWEEEdirectiveProductscoveredbytheDirectivearedesignedforusewithavoltageratingnotexceeding1,000Voltforalternatingcurrentand1,500Voltfordirectcurrent,andcoverthefollowing10categories:,washingmachinesandmicrowaves;,irons,andclocksandwatches;,copyingequipmentandprinters;;;;,andleisureandsportsequipment;;;Themodeoforiginalinnovationmea,Vimicrohasindependentlydevelopedandpossessedseveralworld-classmultimediacoretechnologiesandAnbotehasesrapidlyenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacitiesthoughtheyarenotnecessarilythecreatorsofcoretechnologies,buttheenterprisespreliminarilyhavethedevelopmentcapacities,theiroveralltechnologicalcapacitieshavereachedthelevelsoffirst-rateenterprises,pportunitiesarisingfromthetransitionofmobng-upandsurpassinginnovation,animportantbasisoftheircorec,,ithasseizedtheopportunitiestoparticipateinmajormarkets,TCL,BaosteelandDouble-Cranehaveallcarriedoutproduct-orientedortechnology-orientedinnovationsafterimport,theirproductionandtechnologic,theybegantograduallycarryoutmoreadvancedtechnologicalinnovations....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite."FactorCombinationSuperiority"forChina’sCurrentIndustrializationProcessAdiscussiononChina’sroadtoindustrializationornewindustrializationisinessenceadiscussiononChina’"moderneconomicgrowth".The"startup"ofindustrializationormoderneconomicgrowthdependsonaseriesofrelatedfactors,suchasmarketdemand,capitalaccumulation,introductionofmodernandcontemporaryindustrialtechnologiesandthelaborforceth’,China’sindustrializationprocesshasreceivedthesupportofsome,earsofthe20thcentury,itwasimpossiblefortheindustrytousetheGlobalPositioningSystem(GPS)helatecomerscancompletealargelysamegrowthprocessatevenlowercostsorwit’suniquefeaturesarethatthecountryhasstrongerdiversityandinclusivenessinutilizingthecatch-upadvantagebecauseithasalargeeconomic"leapfrogdevelopment".Thewishofthelatecomersteristicsof"naturalgrowth".Whenthetechnologyoffiberopticsappeared,thelatecomersdonothavetoworryab"leapfrog"theperiodofindustrializationanddirectlyenterthe"informationage".,steelan,,andanyattempttoabolishthisprocessandpinhopesonthenotionthattheintroductionofnewequipmentandtechnologiescanformconsiderablecompetitivenesswillbeamisunderstandingoftheessenceofcompeti’,’,,larg,Chinahasembarkedonthepathofindustrializationandhasdemonstratedmoretangibleadva,marketadvantageisalsodemonstratedinthemultiplelevelsofthemarket,whichinturnprovideopportunitiesonshipofthelabor’slargestpopulationsizecaninacertaindegreeforma"marketforce"thathasanimportantclink,themutualconstraintbetweenChina’sdoinChina’prioritytothedevelopmentofindustryandespeciallytheheavyindustry,whichhavebeenenforcedforalongtime,havecausedaseriousasymmetryinChina’sstructureoftheprimary,,morethanhalfofthepopulationandlaborf,industrializationmustsharethefruitofdevelopmentthroughthetransferofagriculturalan,thetasksofChina’sindustrializationwillbemoredifficultthananyothercountries.ByHanJun,QinZhongchunCuiChuanyi,,ionforConstructingaHarmoniousSocietyinChinaRuralsocialsecuritysystemisasystemestablishedataspecificstageofsocialdevelopmentwithr,farmerswhohavelostland,ordinaryfarmers,ruralhouseholdswitheconomichardship,ruralhouseholdsinseverepoverty,andhouseholdsenjoyingthefiveguarantees(childlessandinfirmoldpeoplewhosefood,clothing,medicalcare,housingandburialexpensesaretakencareofandsubsidizedbythegovernment.).Ruralsocialsecuritysystemusuallyincludestheminimumsubsistenceallowancesforpoverty-strickenfarmers,old-agepensionsystemforordinaryfarmers,socialsecurityforfarmerswhohavelostlandandforfarmerworkers,identityandchangesinthesocialandeconomicconditions,themodeandcontentofrural,integratingitorganicallywithurbansocialsecuritysystem,andgraduallyperfectingthetwoandestablishingaunitedsocialsecuritysystemwithbothhavebecometheinevitablecourseforChinaintheprocessofcoordiotionofsocialfairnessOneoftheimportantbedrocksofsocialistharmonioussocietyistheequalityofrightsandopportunities,whichincludeequalopportunitiesforemploymentandeducation,equalbusinessandfinancingopportunities,,Chinasstandardsocialsecuritysystemonlycoverspartofurbanresidentsofgovernmentsectorsofthesociety,,mostruralhouseholdsstillseek“self-security”fromfamily,dustrialsociety,,inviewofthedevelopmenttendency,itisimperativetoprovidealargenumberoffarmerswithequalopportunitiesandrightsthroughasocialsecuritysystem,,,thenumberofelderlyover60hasexceeded10%ofthetotalruralpopulation,,%epeakofaging,theconstructionsofsocialsafetyandlegalsystemAstheindustrializationandurbanizationproceed,Chinahasenteredaphasewhenvarioussocialcontradictionsbecomeyhavenowenteredtheiroldageinsuccession,andtheevermoreprominentphenomenonofmoreoldpeopleandlessyoungpeoplehasalteredthetraditionalmodeloffamily-basedold-agecare,underwhichruralpeopleusu,ifnotproperlyhandled,,forwhomtheincomeislow,,138millionemployeesworkintownshipenterprisesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whoseemploymentconditionsareunstable,,the,unabletoseekregularemploymentafterlosingtheirland,,everyyearinruralareasthereareabout70millionvictimsofvariousdisastersandover76ionandcontrol,safeguardtherightsandinterestsoffarmersanddisadvantagedgroups,embodyngcoordinateddevelopmentandbridgingthegapbetweenurbanandruralareasTheunevendevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareashasalwaysbeenanoutstandingcontradictioninChinaydevelopment,whensocialandeconomicdevelopmenthasreachedcertainlevels,wecanexpeditethedevelopmentofthebasicsystemofruralold-agepensionandreducethegapbetweenurbanandruralareasandpromotecoordinateddev,Chinahasalreadyenteredastageinwhichindustriespromotethedevel,easesocialcontradictionsthroughsystemandmechanismconstruction,increasefarmers,whichmeansChinahasprimarilylaidthematerialfoundationforiforadvancingtheinitialperiodafterthefoundingofnewChina,theprimarytaskofthePartyandtheGovernmentwastopressforwardrurallandreformsoastoensurefarmerstohavetheirownlandandtocarryoutasysteminruralareaswithfamilysecurityasthedominantformofsocialsrySessionofthe11thCPCCentralCommittee,thestateadoptedaplannedeconomicadministrationsystem,muchattentionhasbeenattachedtopo,ru,generallyspeaking,acompletesystemframeworkhasnottakenshape;easfollows:...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以SunXiaoyuBuildingaresource-efficientsocietyandrealizingasustainabledevelopmenthavebecomethegoalallcfeconomicdevelopmentandthenon-renewablefeatureofsomeresources,allcountrieswouldhaveto,basedontheirrespectivenationalconditions,improvetheutilizationefficiencyofresourcesandreduce’sindustrialization,urbanizationandmodernization,thesupply-demandconflictintermsofresourcesisgrowing,,comparedwithothercountries,morecomplicated,,basedonthescenarioofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandspecificnationalconditions,absorbandborrowtheadvancedexperiencesofforeigncountries,andblazeanewresource-efficientdevelopmentroadthatbestsuitsChina’vingthegoalofmodernization,theconstrai,totransformthemodeofeconomicgrowth,totakeanewroadofindustrialization,,formulateclear-cutstrategies,policiesanddevelopmentgoals,takepracticalandeffectivemeasures,giveprioritytosolvingthecriticalproblemsrelatedtothesystemandmechanism,leviated,couldalong-termmechanisminpromotingconservationofresourcesbeestablished,andcouldChina’’seconomy,lowefficiencyinresourcesutilizationandseriousenvironmentalpollutionistheimperfecteconomicstructure,andthecrucialcauseisthattherelationshipamongthegovernment,,howshouldtherolesofenterprises,governmentandthemarketbedefinedInwhatwayshouldtheyplaytheirrespectiverolesHowshouldtheirinter-rel,Ibelieve,"thegovernmentplaysthekeyrole,enterprisesarethemainplayers,andthemarketisthefoundation,andthecommonparticipationbyallsocialsectorsistheguarantee."ducingwasteofresources,protectingtheenvironmentandachievingasustainabledevelopmentareissueswithadirectbearingonthecountry’rovide,,manyproblemsrelatedtoresourcesineconomicdevelopmentallhave,prioritysh,itisnecessarytoclearlydefinetheroleofresourcesconservationinthecountry’slong-termdevelopmentstrategy,lpolicyandshould,nottostressresourcesconservationwhentheconstraintofresourcesshortageisserious,overnmentsmustpayhighattentionto,notanissuethatthecentralgovernme,notastrategythatisimplementedinregionswhereresourcesintotheirsocialandeconomicdevelopmentplans,shouldembodytheirconceptandawarenessofresourceconservationintheirspecificactionsandtheimplementationofthestrategy,,thegovernmentshouldmakesystematicdesignandarrangementsofresourcesconservationintermsoflaw,standards,policyandgovernmentcontrols,shouldestablishalegalandpolicyframeworkthatisconsistentwiththegoalofbuildingaresources-efficientsociety,andshouldgiveprioritytotheapmatestablishingalong-termmechanismforpromotingresourcesconservation;havecompulsorystandardsandpayattentiontoestablishinganeffectiveincentivemechanism;andprovideincentivesforr,inparticular,establishaneconomicrewardandpenaltysystemconsistentwithmarketeconomyprincipleswiththetoolsoftaxationandpricecontrol,soastoreasonablyguidetheinvestmentbehaviorsofproducersandconsumptionbehaviorsofthepublic,andtoguidethem,thegovernmentsshouldtrytoavoidthephenomenonofstressingprinciplesofthepolicy,butneglectingtheapplicabilityofthepolicies,stressingtheformulationofthepolicies,,,andmoreimportant,sconservation,andshouldvigorouslyencouragearesource-conservingproductsandservices,encouragetheinnovativeawarenessofresourceconservationandimprovetheirownefficiencyinresourcesutilization.、金满贯BBIN开心消消乐用户至上皇家官网手机appByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo043,2006SeveralOpinionsoftheGeneralOfficeoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilonStrengtheningtheWorkofDevelopingandUtilizingInformationResources()alreadylaidoutguidingopinionsonsotingthedevelopmentofChina’sinformationresourcesindustrywhilestrengtheningtheworkofdevelopingandutilizinginformationresources,thispaper,targetingonseveralproblemsnowexistinginChina’sinformationresourcesindustry,raisessomespecificpolicyrecommendationstopromotethedevelopmentofChina’motingInformationResourcesIndustryDevelopinginformationresourcesindustryisconducivetopromotingthedevelopmentanduseofinformationresources,promotingthetransformationoftraditionalindustriesandoptimizingChina’seconomicandindustrialstructure,andisthenaturalchoiceforincreasingChina’ationresourcesindustryandatthesametimelearningfromtheexperiencesandlessonsofthedevelopmentofChina’sstrategicindustriessuchasenergy,webelievethatitisnecessaryandamustfortheChinesegovernmenttoorganizerelevantdepartmentsandenterprisestomakeresearchandworkoutthestrategyforthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andtov:informationresourcesindustryAsalatecomerindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,Chinafacesanurgenttaskindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andChinashould,atthesatelevel,provideenoughandfo,withreferencetothepreferentialpoliciesprovidedtothehi-techindustryandthesoftwareindustry,shouldstudyandmakepoliciesandplansforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,andworkoutspecificpolicymeasuresforpromotingthedevelopmentoftheinformationresesindustryIntheprocessofdevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,thegovernmentoftheRepublicofKoreagaveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofculturalindustryasrepresentedbyInternetgamesandfilmandtelevision,arigidindustrialcountryintoa"countryofcultureexports"withunlimitedcreation,andthe"ROKwind"tsdevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,giveprioritysupporttothedevelopmentofafewfieldsoftheinformationresourcesindustryandguidetheseindustriesintodomesticandglobalpowerhousesandconsequentlyincreaseChina’’sinformationresourcesindustryAtpresent,therearedifferentviewsandopinionsinChinaonhowtodefinetheinformationresourcesindustry,ortobespecific,alinfor,archives,broadcastingandTVindustry,movieprojectionindustry,theproductionandcirculationindustryofmoviesandvideos,musicpublishingindustry,thepublicationofnewspapers,magazinesandperiodicals,thepublishingindustryofbooks,kinganddigitalizednewcontentindustry,includingthreemajorcategories:thefirstcategoryincludesdigitalmediaanddigitalvideoindustryforentertainmentconsumption,includingtheindustryofdigitalbroadcastinganddigitalTV,digitalvideos,wide-bandcontentservices,Internet-basedgamesandvalue-addedmobileandwirelessservices;thesecondcategoryincludesindustriesthatservecommercialactivities,mainlycommercialdatabases;thethirdcategoryincludesindustriesthatservestudy,education,scienceandresearch,includingtheindustryofInternet-basededucation,digitalpublishing,digitallibrary,,’sinformationresourcesindustryinascientificwaybyrelevantgovernmentdepartments,academiccirclesandenterprises,soastobuildasolidfoundationforofinformationresourcesindustryfromthestrategicpointofviewofimplementingtheconceptofscientificdevelopmentandspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustryWeshouldopenourmind,transformthetraditionalwayofthinking,improvetheunderstandingandleadershipcapacityovertheinformationresourcesindustryamongtheleadersofthecentralandlocalgovernments,integratethedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryfromthepointofviewofimplementingconceptofscientificdevelopmentwithspeedingupthedevelopmentofmodernserviceindustry,andtreattheaccele,wewillguidethecentralandlocalleaderstocorrectlyunderstandthefar-reachingsignificanceofspeedingupthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryinpromotingeconomicgrowthandtheoptimizationandupgradingofindustrialstructure,inalleviatingtheemploymentpressure,inservingthepeople’sroutinelife,insatisfyingthepeople’,wediscoveredthatthegovernmentdepartmentsofJiangsu,Shanghai,BeijingandHunanprovincesandmunicipalitiespaidhighattentiontothedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,havetakenspecificmeasurestopromoteitsdevelopmenticipalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustrytootherregionsandareas,anddevelopapatternthatallministriesandcommissionsofthecentralgovernmentshouldsupportlocalitiesindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustryandlocalitiesshouldhelponea,wewilldeepentheunderstandingoftheinformationresourcesindustryamongleaders,entrepreneursandallsocialcirclessothattheyrealizeChina’sinformationresourcesindustryisamodernserviceindustrywithbrightmarketprospectandhashugepotentialfordevelopment,learnandknowthecharacteristicsandlawsofthedevelopmentoftheinformationresourcesindustry,a,wewillmakefulluseofthemediasuchasbroadcasting,TV,newspapersandmagazinesandtheInternettogivefullcoverageofthetheoriesonthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry,internationaldevelopmenttrends,state’spoliciesforthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustryandtheexperiencesofallregionsindevelopinginformationresourcesindustry,fosterandpopularizemodelsindevelopingtheinformationresourcesindustry,andcreateafavorableenvironmentforpromotingthedevelopmentofinformationresourcesindustry.ShiYaodong,,sautomarketAccordingtostatisticsmadebyChinaAssociationofAutomobileManufacturers,in2005,thenumberoftheautomobileswithindependentbrandsmanufacturedbyCBUjointventuresacrossChinaaccountedformorethanhalfofthetotalCBUoutput,ofwhichcarswithforeignbrandsmanufacturedbyjointventuresmadeup72%(accountingfor53%orsoofallautomarkets)withthebestperformance,productsofforeignbr,productsmanufacturedbyChinese-fundedcarmanufacturingenterprisesrepresentedbyChery,GeelyandBrilliancepossessedamarketshareoflessthan30%.Althoughin2006,suchcarmanufacturingenterpriseswithindependentChinesebrandslikeCheryandGeelygrewrapidly,withCheryandGeelybothrankingamongthetoptenChinesecarmanufacturers,thestatisticsshowthatthemarketoccupancyofcarswithindependentChinesebrandsyetdropped2percentagepointsto26%.TheChinese-fundedenterprisesfounditstilldifficulttoreplacetheabsolutepredominanceofjointventuresoncarmarket.Withregardtoautosparepartsmarket,duringthepasttenyears,morethan70%oftheteded500inChinaandalmostallworld-famousautosparepartsenterpris,3RDcenters,6jointventuresand6marketingcompaniesinChina,withitsproductscoveringawidevarietyofareas,suchasEFI,ABS,,whichhasalreadyappliedforbankruptcyintheUnitedStates,hasalsoinvestedandestablished14autosparepartsplantsinChina,withatotalinvestmente,DensoCorporationfulfilledatotalturnoverinChinaamointventuresSincemid-1980s,jointventureshaveroughlyundergonesev,aperiodof"technologytransplant".Duringthisperiod,theEuropeanandAmericantransnationalautocorporationsrepres,thejoin(mainlyfromtheirforeignparentcompanies)andintheformofCKDandSKD,t,althoughthemainstreamproductsmanufacturedbythejointventuresdidnotcarrythethenworldadvancedautomobilesandtechnologies,theyoccupiedaleadingpositionforquitealongtimeonChinasmarket,,duringthisperiod,the"turn-inkey"projectswereadoptedfortheconstructionofthejointventuresasawhole,withforeignpartiesprovidingcompletesetsoftechnologies,technologicalprocess,nterpriseswereonlyinvolvedinsupplyofsupportingtechnologies,equipmentdebugging,technicalmanagementandqualitycontrolinthecourseofproductionaswellasthenationalizedproductionofnon-coreparts,ratherthanindependentresearchanddevelopmentactivitiesinapracticalsensewhichcouldgenuinelyembody,therelationshipbetweentheChineseandtheforeignpartieswasthepracticeof"passingonexperience,givinghelpandsettinganexampleintrainingnewhands"ledbytheforeignparties,namely,asmallnumberofforeigntechniciansprovi,aperiodof"adaptivedevelopment".Duringthisperiod,transnationalcorporationsrepresentedbyGeneralMotorssetupindependentRDinstitutionsorengineeringandtechnicalcenters(ShanghaiAutomotiveIndustryCorporation(Group)andtheGeneralMotorsjointlyfoundedthePan-AsiaTechnicalResearchCenterin1997)oneaftera,duringthisperiodproductsmanufacturedbyjointventuresgraduallycameuptothestandardoftheforeignmarkets,andtheintroducedmodelsandtechnologieswerealreadythematuremid-lengineeringandtechnologycenters,butalsobegantocarryoutaseriesofa,ShanghaiPanAsiaTechnicalAutomotiveCenterCo.,"Sail"andBuick"Regal",andcompletedthedesigningofthetwotypesofconceptcars,,duringthesecondstage,alargenumberofChinesetechniciangroupsgottrainedinthecourseofdigestingandabsorbingimportedtechnologiesandinprojectdevelopment;learnedaboutandgotfamiliarizedwiththeprocessofautomobiledevelopmentandexperienceinmanagement,andinitiallyformedtheindependenttechnicalcompetencepartakingofproductdefinition-engineeringdesigning-engineeringverification-productmaking-post-marketservice;graduallyformedtheuniqueadvantagesofthejointventuresandg,theSino-foreignpartnershipwasstillanunsymmetricalandunbalancedpartnershipandtheforeignpartnersstilloccupiedtheinresearchanddevelopmentorientation,CBUandplatformdesigning,designingofresearchanddevelopmentprocess,database,softwaredevelopment,certificationofnationalizedproduction,platformdesigninganddesigningofcoreparts,whiletheChinesesidemainlycontributedtotheadaptivedevelopmentthatwascloselylinkedwiththedigestionandabsorptionoftheimportedtechnologiesandthenationalizedproduction,suchasthepartialautorefitmentandtheadjustmentofinnerdecoration,yetnotinapositiontoindependentlydevelopCBUautomobiles,,thetechnologiesneededbythejointventuresstilldependedmuchonforeignsuppliesandthejointventuresdidnotcompletelymeltintotheglobalinnovationsystemofthetransnationalconandindistributionofinterestsandbothsidesenjoyedunequalrightstospeak.ByWuJinglianResearchReportNo195,seconomicgrowthsincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublichasbeenfollowingthepat,thecontemporaryeconomicdeenturytotheearlystageofgrowt,thh,whichlast,thedevelopedcountriesenteredaperiodofeconomicgrowthcharacter,thedevelopmenteconomicsformednewtheorieaseriesofnegativeeconomicandsocialconsequences,suchastheworseninglivingconditionsoftheworkingclassandtheseriouspollutions,whichwerecalledtheevilsoftheso-called"ManchesterCapitalism".theratioofcapitaltolaborandtheratioofinvariablecapitaltovariablecapital,namelytheorganiccompositionofcapital,theratioofvariablecapital(capitalusedforwagepayment)tivelysurpluspopulation(namelytheunemployedpopulation).Inotherwords,theincomeoftheworkersortheproportionoftheirconsumptionfundsinthenationalincomewouldbecomeincreasinglysmaller,whichinturncausedth,sanalysisofthemodeofeconomicgrowthintheearlyye,whiletheearlyindustrializedcountrieshadallturnedtothemodernmodeofefficiency-drivengrowthinthelate19thcentury,thesocialistcountriesledbytheSovieinthe1920scharacterizedbyaconsciousintroductionoftheearlycapitalismmodeofgrowth,namelythe"lineofsocialistindustrializationgivingprioritytothedevelopmentofheavyindustry".This"lineofsocialistindustrialization"putfo,itwasoutofpracticalneed,theneedthattheSovietUnionsurrsethelegitimacyoftheirlineandsuppresstheinner-partyopponentsinthepartysstrugglesthattheycitedtheexpositionsontheearlygrowthofcapitalismmadebyVlnsectorproducingmeansofproduction,fastinthemeansofproductionsectorproducingconsumergoods,ateinvestmentmadetoensuretheprioritygrowthoftheheavyindustrywasaconsciousapplicationofthe"basicprinciplesofMarxstheoryofreproduction".Stalins"lineofsocialistindustrialization"wasconfirmedbytheSovietCommunistPartyastheonlycorrectlineinthecountrys"campaignagainstrightopportunism",Feldman,aneconomistoftheSovietPlanningCommission,wasauthorizedto,knownastheFeldmanmodel,,includingChina,ismodeofgrowthasfromthelate1950sandtooksomemeasuresinthecourseofreformandopeninguptoalleviateandeliminateitsconsequences,achangeinthemodeofgrowthhasneverbecomofindustrialization,somecountriesandregionsinEas,thesecountriesandregi,,toagreatextent,becausemanycountriesandregionsinEastAsiaadoptedanexport-orientedpolicyandreplacedtheshrinkingdomesticdemandwiththeexportdemandsoastoeasethesl,theexport-orientedpolicyfeaturingtheappropriategovernmentprotectionofnationalenterprisesandthedevaluationofnationalcurrencieswasoftenregardedasoneoftheimportantmagicweaponsforcreatingthe"EastAsianmiracle"eformin1994,Chinaalsosuccessfullyusedthisapproachtoseekavigorousexportgrowthandtosupportasustainedrapideconomicgrowthwiththerobustexportdemand.、DVORLiShantong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRC,XuZhaoyuan,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCSincethelate1970s,withtheimplementationofthepolicyofreformandopeningup,economicrestructuringandfiscaldecentralization,variousregionshaveachievedhigheconomicgrowth,gainedmoreautonomouspowerindecisionmakingandmoreinitiativeineconomicdevelopment,andexperiencedasignificantimprovementinpeople,withthelowestpercapitaGDP,,%,052yuanin2005,%,-a,anumb,beforethecensuswasmade,,,%.,thestatisticsofGDPforBeijing,%,%%respectivelywhereasthatofHeilongjiang,%,%%rmsofgeography,resources,economicandsocialdevelopment,andculturebetweenChina,wecouldfindclearlythecomparativ;andtheratiosofpercapitaGDPinthecentralandwesternregionstotheeasternregionalsodeclined,,,central,,,,,theratiosofthecentralandwesternregionshavebeenstableinrecentyears.Source:,theChineseleadingenterp,aforeignleadingenterprisegenerallyspentseveraldozenbillionyuanonRD,,suchasHuaweiandZTE,lesrevenueonRD,,HuaweiandZTEhaveasmanyRDpersonnelastheforeignleadingenterprisesdo,about10,000~20,,intermsoftheproportionofRDpersonneltototalcorporateemployees,,,namelythepercapitaRDspendingofaforeignleadingenterpriseandthepercapitaRDspendingofitsRDpersonnel,aforeignleadingenterpriseare5~~6timesthecostofaChineseenterprise,thegapbetweentheCems,includingthegloballa,byestablishingtheirsubsidiariesinthemaincommunicationsRDbasesaroun,mostoftheirRDinstitutionshaveintroducedtheCMM(capacitymaturitymodel)andIPD(integratedproductdevelopment),,theChineseleadingenterprisessu,ZTEhasestablishedapersonnelincentivemechanism,whichisresult-orientedandfeaturesthetwo-dimensionalevaluationbasedonperformanceandvalue,themandatorydistributionofevaluat,,whichisorientedtowardkeytechnologies,,andtheirRDeva,theCh,andtheirevaluationovationtechnologies,ovationtechnologiesbyrelyingonthe"low-costandqualityservices"andby,theChineseenterpriseshaveyett,irstacquirepatentrightsfortheirleadingtechnologiesandembedtheirtechnologicalpatentsinthetechnologicalstandardsbeforerelyingonthepowerfulmarketforcestopromotetheinternatioationandinmarketforces,theyarestillunabletoestablishthemarketizationcapacitiesfortheleadingtechnologies.ByLvGangResearchReportNo004,2006Inthepasttwodecades,ForeignDirectInvestment(FDI)hasmadesignificantcontributionstoChina’seconomicdevelopmentbyincreasingitsindustrialproduction,exports,employme’sdomestictechnologicalcapability(),however,,positiveeffectsofFDIonhostcountries’technologyadvancementaremainlymanifestedintwoways,namelytechnologytransferandtechnologyspillovers(ordiffusion).ThetechnologytransferfromTransnationalCorporations(TNCs)totheirsubsidiariesinChinahasdramaticallyraisedthetechnologylevelofthecountry’smanufacturingsectorinarelativelyshortperiod,butitisgenerallybelievedthatthetechnologicalcapacityofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)shouldnotbecountedasthehostcountry’sDomesticTechnologicalCapability(DTC).Besides,thetechnologiesobtainedbyFIEsfromtheirparentcompaniesareforthemostpartthoseembodiedinproductsormachineryratherthanthetechnologicalabilitytodesign,,onlythetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsisregardedasChina’,technologyspilloversmayboostlocalenterprises’,whichreferstotheconnectionsbetweenforeignTNCs’,whentheemployeesofFIEsgotoworkforlocalenterprises,the,wheretheexistenceofFIEsintensifiesmarketcompetitioninthehostcountryandforceslocalfirmstoraiselaborpr,whichmeansthatthead,FDImayalsohavenegativeeffectsonthedevelopmentofhostcountries’,localfirmsmaybecomeheavilydependentonimportedtechnologyandreluctanttoconductindependentResearchandDevelopment(RD).Secondly,withtheiradvantageintermsofbrands,technologyandcapital,FIEsmayachievemonopolisticoroligopolistpositioninhostcountry’smarketandthereforerestrainlocalfirms’:ACross-sectionStudyQuiteafewforeignscholarshaveconductedresearchontherelationshipbetweenFDIandhostdevelopingcountries’identifywhetherthereexistsasignificantrelationshipbetweentheratioofFDIinindustrialsectorsandlocalfirms’,however,’laborproductivityandconcludedthattechnologyspilloversdidexist[1].OthersclaimedthattherehadbeennosignificanteffectsofFDIonthegrowthrateoflocalfirms’everyindustry,butaredependentonthetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsandthemarketsizeofhostcountries[2].MostexistingempiricalstudybydomesticscholarsonF’sinvestigation(2002)on127FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,ShenzhenandSuzhou,andWangChunfa’sinvestigationonalmost400FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,Shenzhen,filiatesinChina,,however,’sinvestigationshowedthat58%ofthesampleFIEshavelocalsuppliers,amongwhich69%haveinfluencedtheirlocalsuppliersbysettingupqualitystandardsforthelatter,buyingsharesofthelatter,,morethanhalfofthesampleFIEsinWang’sinvestigationbelievedtheyhavedonelittletoenhanceChina’swithlocalfirms;overtwothirdsofsampleFIEshaveno(1994)hassetupacross-sectionregressionmodeltoid,explanationsofvariablesandhypothesesTheequationisasfollows:。

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